FUN FACT


There are 21 Nobel Prize Winners from Switzerland.

All About Switzerland

Nidwalden
Obwalden
Schaffhausen
Schwyz
Solothurn
St. Gallen
Thurgau
Ticino
Uri
Valais
Vaud
Zug
Zurich

Aargau
Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Appenzell Innerrhoden
Basel-Landschaft
Basel-Stadt
Bern
Fribourg
Geneva
Glarus
Graubünden
Jura
Lucerne
Neuchâtel

LIST OF CANTONS

The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the federal state of Switzerland. There were eight cantons during 1353–1481, and thirteen cantons during 1513–1798.

HISTORY

Switzerland was formed in 1291 as a union of three states and became an independent country in 1815. The constitution, adopted in 1848, does not allow for troops to be sent to serve in foreign wars. The country has remained neutral in conflicts around the world, including both world wars.

Switzerland did not become a member of the United Nations until 2002, and is not a member of the European Union.

PEOPLE & CULTURE

Switzerland is one of the world’s wealthiest countries. The Swiss are well known for the chocolate, watches, and clocks.

There is not a single official language in Switzerland. People speak one of several languages, including Swiss German, French, and Italian.

GEOGRAPHY

Switzerland is a small mountainous country located in central Europe. It is bordered by France, Italy, Austria, Germany, and Liechtenstein.

Most of the population lives in the plateau which is between the high Alps in the south and the Jura mountains in the north. The mountainous area in the south is sparsely populated.

INFORMATION


OFFICIAL NAME: The Swiss Confederation
POPULATION: 7,446,000
CAPITAL: Bern
AREA: 15,940 square miles (41,284 square kilometers)

           About 16 times smaller than the size of Texas
OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: German, French, Italian, Romansch

MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Jura, Alps
MAJOR RIVERS: Rhône, Rhine